We’re in the fourth month of Cannabis legalization and there are a few topics surrounding Cannabis we’ve had our friends and family ask us about. Even though Cannabis is legal, there are still a few ways Canadians can be charged for not abiding by the laws that accompany legalization.
Check out our general list of topics to pay attention to from Bill C-45 (also known as the Cannabis Act), below.
1. Driving Under The Influence of Cannabis
Driving after using marijuana is considered impaired driving similar to drinking alcohol and driving. Taking any form of drug or impairing substance and then driving can lead to serious fines. If you are tested and found to have more than 2 nanograms per millilitre of THC in your blood within 2 hours of driving you can face either fines or even jail time. THC is the ingredient that makes marijuana psychoactive.
2. Cannabis in Public
While each province has varying rules down to the municipality, the general concept is that you cannot smoke Cannabis wherever you want. While smoking in your own home is allowed, most places don’t allow for public consumption except sometimes in areas where tobacco smoking is allowed. Be sure to read exactly what the laws are where you live.
3. International Travel + Cannabis
While it may be legal to carry less than 30 grams of marijuana on a domestic flight in Canada, it is illegal to travel to any international destination with any amount of marijuana. Even travelling to another location where pot has been legalized is illegal and offenders can be punished with fines or up to 14 years in prison. The same rules apply for anyone carrying marijuana into Canada from a different country even though marijuana has been legalized in Canada.
4. Minors + Cannabis
If marijuana is given or sold to a minor under the age of 18 could lead to up to 14 years in prison. Even if you are with a friend who is 17 and you pass them a joint you could face some heavy charges of distributing to a minor.
5. Budding Cannabis Plants
While you can grow up to 4 plants inside your own private home (as long as you don’t live in Manitoba or Quebec), you cannot bring a flowering or budding plant out in public. Even if you are moving you cannot carry the flowing plant outside, you would have to remove any buds and flowers from the plant before you could transport it to your new residence. If found guilty, you could face up to 5 years in prison.
6. Carrying Cannabis
While at home you can have more than 30 grams of pot, or the equal amount in its freshly grown state, you cannot have that much in your possession while in public. As stated in the Cannabis Act, breaking this law could mean up to 5 years in prison. Check out our blog post about the do’s and don’ts of carrying Cannabis.
7. Illicit Cannabis
While growing and possessing marijuana in your own home is legal, owning what is known as illicit cannabis is not legal. Illicit marijuana would be pot obtained from a seller who was not licensed. Cannabis grown from home if you have more than 4 plants would also be considered illicit marijuana and could lead to being fined or could face up to 5 years in prison.
8. Cannabis Edibles
While Canadians can now legally use cannabis it is still illegal to purchase edibles. The Canadian government is working on legalizing the purchase of Cannabis edibles but that could take around a year. Until then, Canadians who enjoy Cannabis edibles will just have to whip up a batch in the comfort of their own home.
9. Postal Cannabis
While sharing is caring, it is not caring to mail Cannabis to a friend or anyone else. This would be deemed as illegal distribution and without explicit authorization, this is an illegal act. Note — You are allowed to gift up to 30 grams of dried marijuana to a friend, as long as it is for adults and only for recreational use, just not by mail.
10. Unlicensed Cannabis Sales
While it is now legal for Canadians to grow marijuana in the comfort of their own homes, it is still illegal to sell the product if you do not possess a license. The repercussions still include hefty fines and potential jail time. To avoid that its best to just share what you grow – free of charge. Just don’t be too generous and give more than 30 grams, that can get you up to 14 years in prison under Bill C-45.